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Семейная история.часть 1.

Recently I found some of our most immediate Underhill ancestors at cemeteries in southern New Hampshire and visited to take photos. These ancestors go back a couple of centuries. To put the photos into context here is a chronology. The photos relate entirely to the New Hampshire segment of the chronology but the Boston to Long Island part gives the background and the Somerville part in the next email connects New Hampshire with the recent past. Boston to Long Island: Captain John Underhill, the first Underhill in Boston arrived there in the first ship with Governor John Winthrop in 1630 from Warwickshire and was military leader of the Puritan colony. His wife was Helena de Hooch (1597-1658) from Gorinchem, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. (This is near Dordrecht.) Along with Anne Hutchinson, they and others were expelled in 1638 for practicing the vile Antinomian heresy which fractured Puritan Boston in two and almost destroyed the colony. It was like today in the US. In 1640 he was in Dover, NH, in 1642 in Connecticut, in 1644 in Manhattan, and finally in 1646 on Long Island. Ultimately he settled in Oyster Bay, Long Island (where 200 years later Theodore Roosevelt made his family's home and is buried). Captain John Underhill, his 10 children, and 28 grandchildren made their lives on Long Island where there is a vast Underhill Cemetery at Oyster Bay, Long Island off Factory Pond Road. Long Island has a multitude of Underhill descendants. Long Island to New Hampshire: John and Helena's youngest grandchild, Sampson (1692-1731) Underhill, decided to leave Long Island. At age 27 He moved to the new village of Chester, NH (founded 1719) in the 1720s after spending enough time in Salisbury, MA to find a wife. He made his living as a fuller - cleaning wool thoroughly, removing stains, and fluffing the material; and he kept tavern; and he farmed. His wife was Elizabeth Ambrose (1698-1780). The earliest Ambroses came from Suffolk to Salisbury, MA in 1640. Sampson is the ancestor of all the New England Underhills. He is buried in the center of Chester Village. He is the 6 times great-grandfather of cousin Graham. Sampson and Elizabeth had 4 male children and 19 grandchildren, who spread throughout NH and VT. Elizabeth Ambrose re-married and died a half century after her 1st husband in Amelia County, VA; she is not buried in Chester. The photo labelled Sampson Underhill site below shows the Congregational Church (1773) and the Civil War Memorial. To the immediate left of the Civil War Memorial is the unmarked grave where Sampson is buried. The location is marked on old maps. Across the street to the left was where Sampson's cottage was. Across the street to the right is Chester Village Cemetery, where Sampson's son is buried. The photo labelled Sampson Underhill born 1692 shows the War Memorial and on the right the Chester Public Library - that library is where Sampson Underhill's cottage was. Sampson and Elizabeth's youngest child was Hezekiah Underhill (1727-1800). He is the 5 times great-grandfather of cousin Graham. Hezekiah was a farmer and shoemaker (not a cobbler). He married Tabitha Sargent (1724-1803). The earliest Sargents came from Somerset in 1640. Hezekiah and Tabitha had 4 children, two of whom were soldiers: Jonathan Underhill (1752-1779) and Lieutenant Josiah Underhill (1759-1822) were soldiers in Revolutionary War. They are buried 3 miles west from Chester Village in Longmeadow Cemetery, Auburn, NH. Josiah after the War made his living making metal tools - this began a tool manufacturing business which grew steadily over 100 years and led to the Underhills coming back to Boston eventually. Josiah married Anna Melvin (1762-1847). Josiah and Anna are the 4 times great-grandparents of cousin Graham. Anna Melvin was the daughter of Benjamin Melvin (1733-1802) and the famous Mehitable Bradley (1745-1825), who are the 5 times great-grandparents of cousin Graham. The Melvins came from County Londonderry to New England. Josiah and Anna had 11 children and 19 grandchildren. Hezekiah Underhill's grave is in those 2 photos below labeled with his name. The stone is beautifully carved at the top. Chester Village Cemetery is known throughout New Hampshire for the beauty of its stones. I cannot find Tabitha (Sargent) Underhill's gravestone. The photo labelled Chester Cemetery view shows Hezekiah in the center front. The photo labelled Chester display 2 is a funny scene. There were similar funny scenes placed around the village center. Benjamin Melvin born 1733 photo shows Benjamin; and Benjamin and John Melvins photo shows Benjamin on the right, his brother in the center, and his brother's wife Susan Sargent on the left. Lieut Josiah and Anna Underhill is a close-up of Josiah and Anna's grave; and Josiah Underhill Revolutionary War is a full view of the couple's grave. You can see it is broke into three pieces. Mehitable Bradley as indicated was cousin Graham's 5 times great-grandmother. She came from a sad family, the Bradleys, who first came to New England from West Yorkshire in 1635. The Bradleys were tragic because so many were killed in the Anglo-French Wars. There are 2 photos of Mehitabel's gravestone below, a close-up labelled Mehitable Bradley Dearborn born 1745, and a full view labelled M Dearborn. (Mehitabel married a John Dearborn 5 years after Benjamin died.) 1. Mehitabel's great-grandfather, Daniel Bradley, Sr (1613-1689) was also killed by Native Americans back on 31 August 1689, in Haverhill, MA, during the Nine Years War of 1689-1697 between France and England. 2. Mehitable's father Samuel Bradley (1721-1746) and uncle Lieutenant Jonathan Bradley (1713-1746) as well as John Lufkin, John Bean, William Stickney, and Obadiah Peters, were all killed in a battle on the same night of 11 August 1746 in Penacook, a northern suburb of Concord, NH. This was part of the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748) between France and England, during which the Native Americans were hired by France as mercenaries. A mile and a half west of the NH State Capital is the "Rumford Memorial" (next to the Concord Hospital parking building) which remembers the men who were killed in battle. Lieutenant Jonathan Bradley was the last man alive and he fought to the death, probably because of what happened to his grandfather above. His brother Samuel is cousin Graham's 6 times great-grandfather. 3. Mehitable's great-uncle, Daniel Bradley, Jr (1663-1697) was killed by Native Americans in the Nine Years War in MA in the "Duston Massacre". This was the famous event where Hannah Dustin was captured in Haverhill as 27 colonists were killed. Those who survived were brought north to Penacook, NH. Hannah was able to kill many of her captors there, and then escape with her fellow prisoners back to Haverhill. 4. Daniel, Jr's infant daughter was killed by Native Americans in 1708. 5. Daniel Jr's sisters, Mary Bradley (1671-1718), and Hannah Bradley (1677-1718), were killed by Native Americans in Haverhill, MA; Mary's husband was killed by Native Americans in 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession between France and England. 6. Daniel Jr's brother, Joseph Bradley (1664-1727) suffered 5 children to be killed during these wars when his wife Hannah was abducted to Quebec by Native Americans in 1697 and 1704, yes, twice. Her newborn baby, born in captivity, was killed by heaping hot coals in her mouth so she could not eat. Hannah was ransomed by her husband twice from Quebec. So our ancestor Mehitabel's family suffered devastating losses in wars between France and England in 1689, 1697, 1704, 1708, 1718, and 1746, coinciding with the great wars. It was France's goal to annex New England and England's goal to annex New France.
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